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About the Mechanobiology Institute, National University of Singapore

About MBIOne of four Research Centres of Excellence at NUS, MBI is working to identify, measure and describe how the forces for motility and morphogenesis are expressed at the molecular, cellular and tissue level.
Fumio Motegi 2017-05-03T10:36:38+00:00
Michael SHEETZ

Fumio MOTEGI

Assistant Professor, Mechanobiology Institute, National University of Singapore

fmotegi@tll.org.sg
+65 6872 7004
Level 10 T-Lab
National University of Singapore
5A Engineering Drive 1
Singapore 117411

Research Program
Mechanotransduction in Tissues Group

Affiliations
Principal Investigator, Temasek Lifesciences Laboratory

Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore

NRF Fellow

Recent Research

Fumio Motegi

Principal Investigator

Research Areas

Mechanobiology of 1) cell polarity establishment and 2) soma-germline fate determination

Research Interests

Cell polarity, establishment of spatial asymmetry within a cell, is necessary for diverse processes in living organisms. Dedicated polarity proteins generate and maintain cellular asymmetry, leading to establishment of functional architecture in many types of cells. Despite the conserved role of polarity proteins, a fundamental question remains unanswered: How do developmental cues break cellular symmetry along the body axis during embryogenesis?

Movie 1: Breaking symmetry of embryonic polarity

Our group is interested in understanding the mechanics of 1) initiation of cell polarization and 2) spatial patterning of cellular asymmetry. A simple model system, C. elegans zygote, provides the unique opportunity to explore such initial procedures in cell polarization, as the zygotes do not rely on pre-localized proteins/RNAs or extrinsic cues to trigger asymmetry but instead undergo “de novo” polarization (Movie 1). By taking multi-disciplinary approach with genetics, biochemistry, and modern imaging technology, our group aims to:

  1. Define the nature of the cue that initiates polarization
  2. Assess the mechanics of spatial patterning of cellular asymmetry
  3. Understand the role of polarity kinases in germ-soma dichotomy

These views will delve into the basic principles of cell polarity and yield insights into how a developing embryo commits to somatic or germline cell fates with precision and accuracy. The molecular similarity of C. elegans to other systems makes it very likely that this project will highlight highly conserved mechanisms and lead to insights into asymmetric division in stem cells, prevention of cancer, and tissue regeneration.

Symmetry breaking is the process by which cellular uniformity is broken to generate asymmetry in space. The cue that triggers symmetry breaking leads to the modulation of cell cortex to generate two distinct domains. The C. elegans zygote becomes polarized after fertilization by generating distinct domains: the anterior domain contains a complex of PAR-3, PAR-6, and atypical protein kinase C/aPKC (shown in magenta), and the posterior domain includes PAR-1 kinase and the RING protein PAR-2 (shown in green). Segregation of two sets of PAR proteins is critical for decision whether to become somatic cells or germ cells.

Biography

Fumio Motegi obtained his university diploma at Tokyo University of Science and completed his Master’s study and doctoral degree at the University of Tokyo. He did his postdoctoral work with Prof. Asako Sugimoto at RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology and with Prof. Geraldine Seydoux at Johns Hopkins University. He joined MBI and Temasek Lifesciences Laboratory as a Principal Investigator in August 2012 and holds a joint appointment as an Assistant Professor at Department of Biological Sciences at National University of Singapore.

Education

PhD University of Tokyo

Recent Publications

  1. Arata Y, Hiroshima M, Pack C, Ramanujam R, Motegi F, Nakazato K, Shindo Y, Wiseman PW, Sawa H, Kobayashi TJ, Brandão HB, Shibata T, and Sako Y. Cortical Polarity of the RING Protein PAR-2 Is Maintained by Exchange Rate Kinetics at the Cortical-Cytoplasmic Boundary. Cell Rep 2016; 16(8):2156-68. [PMID: 27524610]